Category Archives: Nuclear Technology

An Ethos of Nuclear Reactor Safety

By Sherrell R. Greene

The commercial nuclear power industry has a remarkable safety record despite lingering images from the accidents at Three Mile Island and Fukushima Daiichi. This record is the legacy of a community of nuclear power plant designers, operators, and regulators who, though imperfect, were committed to the safety of the commercial nuclear power enterprise.

The generation of experts who designed and built our current commercial nuclear fleet is no more. The generation of experts who “cut their teeth” in the post-TMI era is now retired or nearing retirement. Thus the mantle of nuclear safety guardianship is now passing to a new generation who will carry the responsibility of ensuring the safety of future nuclear power plant designs and of the future commercial nuclear fleet.

What has history taught us about the way a nuclear safety expert should approach his or her profession? It is the author’s view that the appropriate Ethos of Nuclear Reactor Safety (the fundamental guiding beliefs and values of a reactor safety professional) incorporates five fundamental ideals:

  1. An acute sense of one’s responsibility to society. Nuclear power is the only energy technology available today with a realistic potential to supply abundant electricity to billions of people around the world who are living with little or no access to it. Nuclear power is also one of the few technologies that, if implemented poorly, has the potential to prevent our neighbors from ever returning to their communities and homes. These two realities should provide strong motivation to those who aspire to be reactor safety professionals.
  2. A chronic sense of uneasiness. The reactor safety professional must have a persistent questioning attitude regarding what we know, what we know that we don’t know, and what we don’t know that we don’t know (the so-called “known unknowns” and the “unknown unknowns”).
  3. A zeal for fundamental understanding. The reactor safety professional must have a passion for, and the skills to, integrate experimental data, simulation and analysis, and operational experience to arrive at a science-based understanding of the facts.
  4. A willingness to challenge the status quo and the establishment. The reactor safety professional must possess the “courage of their convictions”—and be willing to challenge the status quo and the establishment (both industrial and regulatory) when instinct and understanding compel action.
  5. A scientific and technical humility. A reactor safety professional must have a “healthy respect” for the limits of our knowledge and the wisdom to operate within these limits. He or she must be unafraid to ask and answer the question, “What if I am wrong?

This posting is an excerpt from a paper entitled “The Canary, The Ostrich, and The Black Swan: An Historical Perspective On Our Understanding of BWR Severe Accidents and Their Mitigation,” to be published in a May 2014 special edition of the ANS journal Nuclear Technology that will focus on Fukushima lessons learned.

spent fuel pool 201x228

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sherrell greene 100x140Prior to founding Advanced Technology Insights, LLC in 2012, Greene spent over 30 years at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. There he served as director of Nuclear Technology Programs and director of Research Reactors Development. He is an expert in boiling water reactor severe accident phenomenology and mitigation. He offers his perspectives on energy, society, and the environment at his blog Sustainable Energy Today.

ANS journal Nuclear Technology: PHYSOR 2012

nuclear technology sep 2013 201x261The September 2013 edition of the technical journal Nuclear Technology is available electronically and in hard copy for American Nuclear Society member subscribers and others.

The September special issue contains 24 selected articles from the American Nuclear Society 2012 International Topical Meeting on Reactor Physics (PHYSOR 2012).  The conference provided a fruitful forum for exchanging ideas over a breadth of topics including advances in reactor analysis methods, fuel and reactor core designs, fuel cycle physics, reactor materials, multiphysics simulations, reactor kinetics, safety analysis, and education in reactor physics.

Nuclear Technology is the leading journal in all areas of the practical application of nuclear science by ANS and is edited by Nicholas Tsoulfanidis.

See 2012 International Topical Meeting on Reactor Physics (PHYSOR 2012) for links to articles and abstracts.

ANS journals are available for purchase by edition or by article. Please click here to go to the online journals page. A menu of ANS publications is available online by clicking here.

ANS journal Nuclear Technology July 2013 available

nt july 2013 front 201x251The July 2013 edition of the technical journal Nuclear Technology is available electronically and in hard copy for American Nuclear Society member subscribers and others.

Nuclear Technology publishes articles on research and development in all areas of the practical application of nuclear science.  It is edited by Dr. Nicholas Tsoulfanidis.

The July issue contains the following peer-reviewed articles:

ANS journals are available for purchase by edition or by article. Please click here to go to the online journals page.

A menu of ANS’s publications is available online by clicking here.

May edition of ANS journal Nuclear Technology available

nuclear technology 200x264The May 2013 edition of the technical journal Nuclear Technology (NT) is available electronically and in hard copy for American Nuclear Society member subscribers and others.

NT is the international research journal of ANS and is edited by Nicholas Tsoulfanidis.

The May issue contains the following peer-reviewed technical papers, as well as select papers from the Symposium on Radiation Effects in Ceramic Oxide and Novel LWR Fuels:

ANS journals are available for purchase by edition or by article. Please click here to go to the online journals page. A menu of ANS’s publications is available online by clicking here.

ANS Nuclear Technology journal seeks Editor

The American Nuclear Society is soliciting names of qualified members who are interested in becoming the editor of the ANS journal Nuclear Technology (NT). Dr. Nicholas Tsoulfanidis, Professor Emeritus of Nuclear Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, has served as editor of NT since June 1997. During his term, Professor Tsoulfanidis has done an outstanding job. He has raised NT’s reputation for technical excellence and has kept up a full schedule of publishing monthly issues.

Professor Tsoulfanidis has indicated that he intends to retire from the editorship at the conclusion of his current term in June 2015. Consequently, ANS is seeking a qualified individual to fill this position. The selected person will be appointed “Editor-Designate” by June 2014, will work with Professor Tsoulfanidis for approximately one year, and will take over the full editor’s role no later than June 2015.

It is the responsibility of the editor of NT to maintain the technical quality of the journal. The responsibilities of the position include reviewing submitted papers for content and appropriateness, selecting suitable reviewers for detailed technical review of each paper, reading reviewers’ comments and recommendations, and determining the outcome of the submission (acceptance as is, required revision and re-review, or rejection). The editor also sets the technical directions of the journal by soliciting papers, special issues, and reviews on important and timely technical topics. The editor is expected to be proactive in obtaining manuscripts such that a sufficient number of high-quality manuscripts on appropriate and timely topics are considered for publication.

The editor will work with the ANS Scientific Publications Department staff to ensure that NT is financially viable. This includes forecasting the future volume of papers for planning purposes and providing advice on subscription prices and page charges. The editorial and administrative work associated with publishing NT (receiving manuscripts, transmitting manuscripts to reviewers, following up to get reviews back, technical editing, typesetting, and printing) is carried out by the ANS Scientific Publications Department staff. The role of the editor is thus primarily technical leadership and direction. Past experience indicates that this requires on average 8 hours per week, including attendance at the two ANS national meetings and approximately two topical meetings per year. The editor meets with and reports to the ANS Technical Journals Committee (TJC) at the national meetings each year.

ANS pays the editor a small honorarium, provides a travel budget to attend the required meetings, and pays communications costs as needed.

Candidates for editor must be knowledgeable and respected members of the nuclear community and members (in good standing) of ANS. They must have experience with and appreciation for the role of research and journal publication in the nuclear area.

Individuals who are qualified and interested in this vital position are requested to electronically submit the following documents to rmichal@ans.org:

  1. cover letter highlighting the applicant’s interest in and suitability for the position—one page maximum;
  2. statement of editorial approach: brief summary of the applicant’s approach toward executing the responsibilities of editor, in particular, specific plans for ensuring that NT will continue to thrive over the next decade—two pages maximum;
  3. full curriculum vitae including list of publications—no page limit.

For full consideration, applications must be received by May 1, 2013. Receipt of an application will be acknowledged via e-mail reply. Queries about this opportunity should be directed to Dr. Yousry Azmy, TJC Chair, yyazmy@ncsu.edu, 919-515-3385. Interviews of the prospective candidates by
the TJC are expected to be held at the 2013 ANS Annual meeting in Atlanta, Georgia.

Nuclear Technology editor FAQs

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February 2013 edition of ANS journal Nuclear Technology available

The February 2013 edition of the technical journal Nuclear Technology (NT) is available electronically and in hard copy for American Nuclear Society member subscribers and others.

NT is the international research journal of ANS and is edited by Nicholas Tsoulfanidis.

The February issue contains the following peer-reviewed articles:

ANS journals are available for purchase by edition or by article. Please click here to go to the online journals page.  A menu of ANS publications is available online by clicking here.

______________________________________

Nuclear Technology seeks editor-designate

The American Nuclear Society is soliciting names of qualified members who are interested in becoming the editor of the ANS journal Nuclear Technology (NT). Dr. Nicholas Tsoulfanidis, Professor Emeritus of Nuclear Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, has served as editor of NT since June 1997. During his term, Professor Tsoulfanidis has done an outstanding job. He has raised NT’s reputation for technical excellence and has kept up a full schedule of publishing monthly issues.

Professor Tsoulfanidis has indicated that he intends to retire from the editorship at the conclusion of his current term in June 2015. Consequently, ANS is seeking a qualified individual to fill this position. The selected person will be appointed “Editor-Designate” by June 2014, will work with Professor Tsoulfanidis for approximately one year, and will take over the full editor’s role no later than June 2015.

It is the responsibility of the editor of NT to maintain the technical quality of the journal. The responsibilities of the position include reviewing submitted papers for content and appropriateness, selecting suitable reviewers for detailed technical review of each paper, reading reviewers’ comments and recommendations, and determining the outcome of the submission (acceptance as is, required revision and re-review, or rejection). The editor also sets the technical directions of the journal by soliciting papers, special issues, and reviews on important and timely technical topics. The editor is expected to be proactive in obtaining manuscripts such that a sufficient number of high-quality manuscripts on appropriate and timely topics are considered for publication.

The editor will work with the ANS Scientific Publications Department staff to ensure that NT is financially viable. This includes forecasting the future volume of papers for planning purposes and providing advice on subscription prices and page charges. The editorial and administrative work associated with publishing NT (receiving manuscripts, transmitting manuscripts to reviewers, following up to get reviews back, technical editing, typesetting, and printing) is carried out by the ANS Scientific Publications Department staff. The role of the editor is thus primarily technical leadership and direction. Past experience indicates that this requires on average 8 hours per week, including attendance at the two ANS national meetings and approximately two topical meetings per year. The editor meets with and reports to the ANS Technical Journals Committee (TJC) at the national meetings each year.

ANS pays the editor a small honorarium, provides a travel budget to attend the required meetings, and pays communications costs as needed.

Candidates for editor must be knowledgeable and respected members of the nuclear community and members (in good standing) of ANS. They must have experience with and appreciation for the role of research and journal publication in the nuclear area.

Individuals who are qualified and interested in this vital position are requested to electronically submit the following documents to rmichal@ans.org:

  1. cover letter highlighting the applicant’s interest in and suitability for the position—one page maximum;
  2. statement of editorial approach: brief summary of the applicant’s approach toward executing the responsibilities of editor, in particular, specific plans for ensuring that NT will continue to thrive over the next decade—two pages maximum;
  3. full curriculum vitae including list of publications—no page limit.

For full consideration, applications must be received by May 1, 2013. Receipt of an application will be acknowledged via e-mail reply. Queries about this opportunity should be directed to Dr. Yousry Azmy, TJC Chair, yyazmy@ncsu.edu, 919-515-3385. Interviews of the prospective candidates by
the TJC are expected to be held at the 2013 ANS Annual meeting in Atlanta, Georgia.

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January issue of ANS journal Nuclear Technology is available

The January 2013 issue of ANS’s Nuclear Technology journal is available electronically and in hard copy for American Nuclear Society member subscribers and others. Non-subscribers click here to  subscribe to NT and other ANS titles.

NT is the international research journal of ANS and is edited by Dr. Nicholas Tsoulfanidis.

The January issue contains the following peer-reviewed articles:

ANS journals are available for purchase by edition or by article. Please click here to go to the online journals page. A menu of ANS’s publications is available online by clicking here.

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December issue of ANS journal Nuclear Technology is available

The December 2012 issue of ANS’s Nuclear Technology journal is available electronically and in hard copy for American Nuclear Society member subscribers and others. Non-subscribers click here to  subscribe to NT and other ANS titles.

NT is the international research journal of ANS and is edited by Nicholas Tsoulfanidis.

The December issue contains the following peer-reviewed articles:

ANS journals are available for purchase by edition or by article. Please click here to go to the online journals page. A menu of ANS’s publications is available online by clicking here.

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November edition of ANS journal Nuclear Technology is available

The ANS Winter Meeting is focused on progress in nuclear technology. Keep up-to-date year round with the ANS technical journal Nuclear Technology (NT).  The November 2012 edition is available electronically and in hard copy for American Nuclear Society member subscribers and others. Non-subscribers click here to  subscribe to NT and other ANS titles.

NT is the international research journal of ANS and is edited by Nicholas Tsoulfanidis.

The November issue contains the following peer-reviewed articles:

ANS journals are available through annual subscriptions and by individual edition or article. Please click here to go to the online journals page. A menu of ANS’s publications is available online by clicking here.

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ANS’s Nuclear Technology journal is here

The October 2012 issue of the technical journal Nuclear Technology is available electronically and in hard copy for American Nuclear Society member subscribers and others.  Non-subscribers click here to learn how to subscribe to NT and other ANS titles.

NT is the international research journal of ANS and is edited by Dr. Nicholas Tsoulfanidis.

The October issue contains the following peer-reviewed articles:

ANS journals are available for purchase by issue or by article. Please click here to go to the online journals page. A menu of ANS’s publications is available online by clicking here.

_________________________________

 

ANS’s Nuclear Technology journal for September

The September 2012 edition of the technical journal Nuclear Technology is available electronically and in hard copy for American Nuclear Society member subscribers and others.

Nuclear Technology is an international journal of the American Nuclear Society and is edited by Dr. Nicholas Tsoulfanidis.

The September issue contains the following peer-reviewed articles:

ANS journals are available for purchase by edition or by article. Please click here to go to the online journals page. A menu of ANS’s publications is available online by clicking here.

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